Commercial Amphora Finds from Parion Slope Bath (From 1st century BC to 7th century AD)

İsmail AKKAŞ

Arkhaia Anatolika 3. Sayı

Arrival Date : 02.11.2020 | Acceptance Date : 20.11.2020

DOI : 10.32949/Arkhaia.2020.21 | Release Date : 24.11.2020 13:48:29

Summary

The ancient city of Parion is located in the village of Kemer in the Biga district of Çanakkale, north of the Troas region. Parion has been one of the cities that the sovereign powers in the region wanted to have for ages thanks to its geographical and strategic location and having an important commercial port. Founded as a Greek colony in the 8th century BC, Parion became one of the most important colonial cities of the Roman Empire in Anatolia by placing Roman retired soldiers in the city at the end of the Roman Republic Period and giving the status of a Roman colony. This status of the city enabled it to develop and prosper economically, so the ancient city of Parion became one of the cities with the highest number of Romans in the Northern Troas Region. After the Roman colony status, Parion became a city that had a say in both regional trade and political and military fields. As a natural consequence of this, important archaeological findings belonging to the  Roman  Period  have reached in the excavations carried out in Parion since 2005. One of these archaeological finds are commercial amphora pieces found in the Slope Bath excavations between 2008-2019. In our study, the commercial amphora finds dating from the Roman and Early Byzantine Period, which were found in the building between these years, are introduced. Eighteen different imported amphora groups were identified in the layers and contexts within these periods. These commercial amphora groups have been imported from important production areas such as Italy, North Africa (Tunisia), Aegean Islands, Asia Minor, Southern Black Sea, Cilicia and Levant. Commercial amphorae found in Parion Slope Bath are important in terms of supporting the construction and usage phases of the building. Within the scope of the study, it was aimed to reach new data in terms of both building and commercial aspect by means of the commercial amphora findings found in the layers and contexts of the Parion Slope Bath, dated between the middle of the 1st century BC and the first quarter of the 7th century AD.

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İ. Akkaş, “Parion Yamaç Hamamı Ticari Amphora Buluntuları (MÖ 1. yüzyıl - MS 7. yüzyıl)”, Arkhaia Anatolika 3 (2020), 178-243. DOI: 10.32949/Arkhaia.2020.21

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