Contribution about the Persian Identity on Aeolis: Coins of Tisna Depicted with Akinakes

Emre ERDAN

Arkhaia Anatolika 5. Sayı

Arrival Date : 29.03.2022 | Acceptance Date : 22.07.2021

DOI : 10.32949/Arkhaia.2022.51 | Release Date : 21.9.2022 14:58:39

Summary

In this study, new data on Persian identity in Aiolis will be examined through one of the coin series of the city of Tisna and the depictions of akinakes on this series. Our first information about Tisna, which is located within the borders of Izmir province, Aliağa district, is given by Pliny. The first investigations in the city, which is not mentioned in any text after Pliny, were carried out by Conze in the early 1900s. As a result of the archaeological research carried out in the city since 2018, we have started to have more detailed information in the city, and many examples of Tisna coins have been found. It is understood that the akinakes depiction is more intense on the reverse sides of these coins. The main subject of this study is to seek answers to the questions of why akinakes, which has a symbolic meaning to reflect the Persian identity, are depicted on Tisna coins and at what stage these coins may have been produced in the 4th century BC. As a result, it is suggested that Tisna’s coins with depiction of akinakes may have been produced at least between 334 BC, when Macedonian commanders seized power in the region with the Peace of Antalcidas made between 387-386 BC. It has also been suggested that the coins minted during the Orontes revolt that known through ancient texts, may be the Tisna examples, and in this scenario, the coins with depiction of akinakes should be dated between 360-334 BC. However, it is thought that the war between Orontes and Autophradates, which is stated to have taken place in front of Kyme in 360 BC, may have taken place in the territory of Tisna.

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